सुनता हैं गुरु ज्ञानी : Sunta Hai Guru Gyaani by Saint Kabir Das

 

A philosophical masterpiece by the mystic, saint Kabir das. This bhajan, has been sung beautifully by Pt. Kumar Gandharva
सुनता हैं गुरु ज्ञानी गगन में,
आवाज हो रही झिनी झिनी – (धृ)
 
पाहि लीयाये नाद बिंदु से,
पीछे जमया पानी हो जी
सब घट पूरण बोली रह्या है,
अलख पुरुष निर्बानी हो जी ll 1 ll
 
वहां से आया पता लिखाया,
तृष्णा तौने बुझाई ..
अमृत छोडसो विषय को धावे,
उलटी फाँस फंसानी हो जी ll 2 ll
 
गगन मंडलू में गौ भी आनी
भोई पे दही जमाया…
माखन माखन संतों ने खाया,
छाछ जगत बापरानी हो जी … ll 3 ll
 
बिन धरती एक मंडल दीसे,
बिन सरोवर जूँ पानी रे
गगन मंडलू में होए उजियाला,
बोल गुरु-मुख बानी हो जी ll 4 ll
 
ओऽहं सोऽहं बाजा बाजे,
त्रिकुटी धाम सुहानी रे
इडा पिंगला सुखमन नारी,
सुनत भजन पहरानी हो जी ll 5 ll
 
कहत कबीरा सुनो भई साधो,
जानी अगम के बानी रे..
दिन भर रे जो नज़र भर देखे,
अजर अमर वो निशानी हो जी … ll 6 ll

Caste Away

Purushasuktam

 The Purusha Suktam, to quote wikipedia, “gives a description of the spiritual unity of the universe. It presents the nature of Purusha or the cosmic being as both immanent in the manifested world and yet transcendent to it.[2] From this being, the sukta holds, the original creative will (later identified with Brahma, Hiranyagarbha or Prajapati) proceeds which causes the projection the universe in space and time.[3] The Purusha sukta, in the seventh verse, hints at the organic connectedness of the various classes of in the society.”

This is a verse from the Purusha Suktam.
Brahmanoasya mukhamasida bahu rajanyakritah. Uru tadasya yadvaishya padabhyam kshudro ajayat. (Rigveda 10.90.12, Yajurveda.31.11)

Despite other rich spiritually meaningful verses the sukta offers, this particular verse stands out. It seems to have deeply affected the development of Hindu beliefs and traditions as we know today.  The Hindu caste system or the Varnas, have an inseparable association with this verse. The inception of the varna {class} system can be traced back to this innocuous verse from the Vedas. 
 
Literally translated, the verse means, Brahmanas are the mouth of the Purushaha, Kshatriyas his arms, Vaishyas his thighs and Kshudras his feet. 
 
Gross misinterpretation of the Sanskrit verse, could be a probable cause of all contemporary communal feuds.  The Purusha suktam describes and glorifies the “Cosmic Being”. It quantifies and qualifies the physical, metaphysical and spiritual properties of the Purusha. Like in poetry, the opulence of the Purusha are metaphorically and exotically presented.
Since the sentiment is to describe the qualities of the Purusha, let us revisit the verse, with this sentiment. 
Brahmano-asya mukham-aasid
The mouth, more appropriately the quality of speech of the Purushaha is that of all the brahmanas combined. Thus the cosmic being possesses the collective knowledge of all creation.
Bahu rajanyakritah
The arms represent the collective strength of all the warriors. It should be noted that warriors were also called “Bahu balis” the one with strong arms. Thus the Purusha is poetically said to have immeasurable proportions of strength in his arms.
Uru tadasyad-vaishya
 Vaishyas represent, tradesmen, merchants, craftsmen and skilled workers who form the central support system of an economy. Comparable, to the femur (thigh bone), which  is closest to the centre of the body in all vertebrates. It is also the strongest and the largest bone in the body. The Purusha’s thighs are comparable to the combined reliability of support that all the Vaishyas have to offer. 
 
Alternatively it can also signify the sedentary working style of the Vaishyas and might be an allegorical reference to the ones who are seated all the time.  
 
Padavyaam kshudro ajayat
Those who perform hard labor, masons, laborers et al, are the foundation of development of a system. The Purusha’s body is such a system, of which the feet are the foundation. Again an allegorical attempt.  
 
The stratification of the zones of the Purusha’s body are allegorical representation of delegation of responsibilities within a system. It does not dictate or suggest any economic discrimination or social discrimination. Any individual is free to choose any of the four responsibilities, with the implicit urge to fulfill the responsibilities reliably. 

The path to salvation is open to all the four sects of responsibility.  

 

Bhakti, Gnyaan, Karma et al

Bhakti yoga, Gnyaan yoga or Karma yoga, it really does not matter. Our breath is in fact a perpetual chant. A chant that is on even before our birth and continues even after we die. Each sentient being is chanting the ajapa japa, literally meaning – the unchanted chant, at all times, periodically, rhythmically and diligently. Thus we are automatic proponents of bhakti yoga.
Since all doing or non-doing constitutes karma, merely by breathing we are automatic proponents of karma yoga.
When we summon our limited attention and knowingly mingle it with the breath, we are automatic proponents of gnyaan yoga.
The said nature of our true self is unlimited, stead fast attention. Observant, silent, formless, pure energy.
The said expression of the self is a limited attention encapsulated in a corporeal form.
Param atma – {Universal set, mathematically} all knowledge, eternal infinite ocean of knowledge
Atma – {A set}, contained knowledge, atoll lagoon of the ocean
As instruments of scriptures (theory) and theosophy, the three margas {paths, ways} can be understood thus:
Bhakti {like fusion reaction},
Advocates complete submission of the limited attention = {ego, intellect, mind and memory} to infinite attention. The objective is to bring the four faculties of the conscious self together, like bringing together four quadrants of a hollow cylinder {fontanelle to coccyx}
It is comparable to nuclear fusion, it takes considerable amount of effort to combine the four faculties, however when done, results are tremendous.
The moment they connect, the body then becomes a conduit for pure energy flow. When there is infinite attention, it can access all knowledge. Thus proponents of bhakti can savor gnyan as a definite side-effect.
Gnyaan {like fission reaction},
Uses a variant of the divide and rule modus operandi. It pits three faculties together{intellect, mind and memory}, to collectively quell the {ego}. Starving the ego, of gratification of the other three, eventually arm-twisting it to join forces with them. With systematic questioning, we drill down to the singular root cause of all thought, belief  and conditioning of the mind.  The ego is simultaneously the most formidable adversary and ally.
Once quelled and humbled, the ego is pure dark energy that instantly dissolves the {intellect, mind and memory}, liberating them from causality, by merging into a singularity {the cause of all causes, the root cause}.  Again we see the unification of the four faculties into a single channel of pure energy. As the proponents of gnyaan, unravel each thought, ego begins to disintegrate, love for the process and a resulting devoted state develops. Thus gnyaan reinforces bhakti, and proponents of gnyaan can enjoy bhakti as a side effect.
Karmaa {Action, Reaction}, Pure Karma : Sat Karma {Radioactive Decay}
Happens spontaneously. There is always something being done. Whether we act or don’t act, we are still doing {different from akarma or inertia}. Unless there is a cessation or inertial dissolution of all faculties physical and internal, there is always action, ergo there is always karma.
Karma yoga path, relies heavily on the art of misdirection. The energy of the {ego} is kept busy in performing rational {mind, intellect and memory aided} action. Thus employing all four faculties collectively, again forming a channel for the flow of pure energy. The {ego} here is devoted ~ bhakti. The {mind, intellect and memory} are involved in gnyaan.
So we observe that none of the paths undermine the other. All are equidistant from the desired destination. Since the distance {d} is constant, it is the velocity {v} that will determine, how soon the destination arrives.

What is knowledge?

I realized that in the previous post I mentioned “thirst for knowledge”. The term knowledge can be misleading. By knowledge, I certainly do not imply ‘information’. What most of us inevitably possess at a certain age, or acquire by a certain age, is just information. There is really nothing to invent but only to discover. Everything has been tried and done before. The way of this era, the ‘kaliyuga’, is to manifest into instruments of destruction and catalysts of entropy.
Prof. Russell Ackoff theorizes the difference between data, information, knowledge, understanding and wisdom. This is a very useful concept for understanding how ‘systems thinking’ works.
I was somehow aware of this difference inherently, I am sure most of us are, we just do not put it as glibly, in our minds. Although, Ackoff’s theory may offer an insight into understanding the human mind, it needs a deeper probing.
For example, intent, instinct, awareness are more primitive and built in faculties of the human being.
Even before we start breathing, or develop the corporeal form to be able to breathe, there was an intent to “be” to exist. It is understanding this intent or ‘sankalp’ behind everything, that is knowledge.

Dharma: An authoritarian way to create boundaries

Seek knowledge. Be it Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Sikhism, Hebrew or Hinduism,
don’t hate them for what they are, because we don’t really know what they
teach.
Forget the people who represent them verbally or textually. When people start re-presenting
a religion, they corrupt it. Religions do not need to be understood. There is nothing to understand.
If a man was designed to be content with what he had, he would be content with one religion
too!
To the core they all (religions as we know today) create boundaries, they promote
separation, calling it a search for ‘something’ that is not given by the
existing.
So what is that something and how it should be searched or achieved, by whatever means (prayers, devotion, non action, zen, knowledge, intuition, yoga and all that).
Before we address the question of what is that something. We need to understand what is meant by ‘existing’. What exists and what does not?
In the end the only religion is knowing our self. Any and all religions are powerful tools for self discovery. Any other definition of religion is just plain escapism, blatant denial of the truth. A religion can be shed off, adopted and used.
All religions are fighting the predominant boundaries which have been suffocating the world,
annexing and expanding under the pretext of religion. It is inevitable, wars are inevitable. This is a bigger system plan. The system of selfs.
Diverse selfs, diverging as long as the universe and creation diverges, galaxies,
universes, men, ants, plants, planets all being spewed and spawned. Which is why
diversity will remain, wars from cellular level to universal level will happen. In Hinduism, we believe that creation itself was born out of conflict, or ‘dvandva’ or dualism.
It is a profound concept that merits years of debate or understood instantly if one wishes to.
But what is more fascinating is the idea that dualism was born out of non-dualism and shall merge into non-dualism. When we connect to the current driving all this, we are indifferent.

Every body knows it …

” It lies beyond the extremities of repetition”

It is there in me. Living itself out. It has built you and it has built me. It shows as if everything not me, is you. Why has it done that? It got bored of the stillness and it wanted to play. How can it resist seeing itself play? It becomes me. What is it playing with? It becomes you. What is the play? You and Me, Me and you.
Repetition, choiceless-ness, realization, enlightenment are complex synonyms of the play. The antonym is it.